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Assam is a northeastern state in India, known for its rich history, diverse culture, and breathtaking natural beauty. This state is an important part of Indian history, as it played a significant role in the country’s independence movement and is home to several ancient kingdoms and civilizations. In this blog, we will take a closer look at the fascinating history and culture of Assam, including its capital, population, weather, and must-visit places. We will also explore the best time to visit this captivating state, which is full of surprises and is sure to leave a lasting impression on every traveler.
Assam in Indian History
Assam has a long and rich history that dates back to ancient times. It was ruled by several powerful dynasties, including the Ahom Kingdom, which ruled the region for nearly 600 years. During British rule in India, Assam became an important center for tea production and was also a strategically important region due to its proximity to the border with Burma.
During India’s independence movement, Assam played a key role, with several influential leaders and freedom fighters hailing from the state. Today, Assam remains an important part of Indian history and continues to play a significant role in shaping the country’s future.
Assam is located in the northeastern region of India and is bordered by the states of Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Manipur, Mizoram, and Meghalaya. It is also bordered by Bhutan to the north and Bangladesh to the east.
Connectivity to Assam
- Rail Connectivity: Assam is well connected to other parts of India by rail, with several major railway stations located throughout the state. The largest and most important railway station in Assam is the Guwahati Railway Station, which is connected to many major cities in India, including Delhi, Kolkata, Mumbai, and Bangalore.
- Air Connectivity: Assam is also well connected to other parts of India and the world by air, with several major airports located throughout the state. The main airport in Assam is the Lokpriya Gopinath Bordoloi International Airport in Guwahati, which is the largest airport in the region and provides regular flights to many cities in India, as well as several international destinations. There are also several other airports in Assam, including the Jorhat Airport and the Dibrugarh Airport, which provide additional air connectivity to the region.
Overall, the rail and air connectivity to Assam is good and provides tourists and travelers with convenient and reliable options for getting to and from the region.
Guwahati – the Cultural Hub of Assam
Guwahati is the capital city of Assam and is also its largest city. It is located on the banks of the Brahmaputra River and is known for its rich history, diverse culture, and vibrant atmosphere. Guwahati is a major commercial and cultural hub of Assam, with a thriving arts and music scene.
It is also home to several important religious and historical sites, such as the Kamakhya Temple and the Umananda Temple, and is a popular destination for tourists and pilgrims alike. With its mix of modern amenities and rich cultural heritage, Guwahati is a must-visit destination for anyone interested in exploring the fascinating history and culture of Assam.
Weather in Assam
Assam experiences a tropical monsoon climate, with heavy rainfall during the monsoon season, which lasts from June to September. The rainfall is caused by the monsoon winds that blow from the Bay of Bengal and bring heavy rains to the region. While the monsoon season can make travel difficult in some parts of Assam, it also brings new life to the lush and verdant landscape.
Places to Visit in Assam
Wildlife Sanctuaries and National Parks: Assam is home to several wildlife sanctuaries and national parks, including the Kaziranga National Park, Manas National Park, and Dibru-Saikhowa National Park. These protected areas are home to a diverse range of wildlife, including elephants, rhinos, tigers, and many species of birds. Visitors can take jeep safaris and elephant rides to get an up-close look at the wildlife or take guided tours to learn about the unique ecosystem and wildlife of the region.
Temples and Monuments: Assam is also rich in religious and cultural heritage, with several important temples and monuments spread across the state. The Kamakhya Temple in Guwahati is one of the most important Hindu temples in the region, dedicated to the goddess of power and fertility. The Sivasagar Sivadol, the Navagraha Temple, and the Umananda Temple are also popular destinations for visitors and are known for their rich history and cultural significance.
Tea Gardens: Assam is famous for its tea, and visitors can take a tour of one of the many tea gardens in the region to learn about the tea-making process and sample some of the world-famous Assam tea. The tea gardens are also a great place to relax and enjoy the scenic beauty of the region, with rolling hills and lush greenery as far as the eye can see.
River Cruise on the Brahmaputra: A river cruise on the Brahmaputra River is another must-do activity for visitors to Assam. The Brahmaputra is one of the largest rivers in Asia and is an important part of the region’s history and culture. Visitors can take a scenic river cruise and enjoy the breathtaking scenery, including the lush greenery of the surrounding hills and the wildlife that can be seen along the banks of the river. You can explore our Assam Tour Itinerary for 3 Days.
Here is a list of popular tourist spots in Assam
- Kaziranga National Park
- Manas National Park
- Kamakhya Temple, Guwahati
- Umananda Temple, Guwahati
- Navagraha Temple, Guwahati
- Sivasagar Sivadol
- Majuli Island
- Assam State Zoo
- Pobitora Wildlife Sanctuary
- tea gardens of Assam
- Brahmaputra River Cruise
- Digboi Oil Town
- Majuli Island
- Dehing Patkai Wildlife Sanctuary
- Bihu Festival in Sivasagar
- Chitralekha Uddyan
- Basistha Ashram
- Agnigarh Hill
- Ugratara Temple
Best Time to Visit Assam
The best time to visit Assam is from October to April, during the winter months when the weather is pleasant and dry. During this time, the skies are clear, and the landscape is at its most beautiful, with bright flowers and lush greenery. This is also the peak tourist season, and many cultural events and festivals take place during this time. Visitors can also take advantage of the dry weather to explore the state’s many natural wonders, including its wildlife sanctuaries and national parks.
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